Impact Update 4, November 2005
This newsletter reviews the content that has been added to the database since the end of August 2005. As always, many of the studies are recently published but we also include earlier research that is relevant to the themes of the database. Full bibliographical details of the references highlighted below can, of course, be obtained from the database.
We encourage users and their networks to use the facility to submit their own research and we will consider it for inclusion. Research should relate to the main themes of the database (a list can be found in the Advanced Search section) and should have stated aims/objectives, methodological approach and findings/conclusions.
Arts, Culture and the Economy Snowball and Willis (2006) seek to demonstrate the use of choice experiment techniques to assess the value of different elements of an arts festival to visitors and how these vary according to gender and ethnicity in ‘Estimating the marginal utility of different sections of an arts festival: the case of visitors to the South African National Arts Festival’, Leisure Studies 25(1). Pung, Clarke and Patten (2004), ‘Measuring the economic impact of the British Library’ in New Review of Academic Librarianship 10(1), aim to assess the British Library's contribution to the national economy.
Arts, Culture and Education Taggart, Whitby and Sharp (2005) have published Curriculum and progression in the arts: an international study. Final report, an NFER research report which aims to discover the place of the arts in the curriculum in a range of countries and states participating in the International Review of Curriculum and Assessment Frameworks (INCA) project.
Arts, Culture and Health Hecht (2005) has undertaken an audit and analysis of arts and health activity in South West England in order to inform an action plan in the region and the work of the new South West Arts and Health Forum. The published report is entitled Shared territories: audit and analysis of the arts and health sector in the South West.
Arts, Culture and Inclusion Newman, McLean and Urquhart (2005) examine the role of museums in combating social exclusion by facilitating active citizenship in a paper published in Citizenship Studies 9(1), ‘Museums and the active citizen: tackling the problems of social inclusion’.
Arts, Culture and Regeneration Balsas (2004) assesses the programme to regenerate the city centre of Porto, that was conducted in conjunction with the European Capital of Culture initiative in 2001, in order to identify lessons that can be useful to other cities pursuing the same designation and strategy in ‘City centre regeneration in the context of the 2001 European Capital of Culture in Porto, Portugal’, Local Economy 19(4). Landry et al (2004) have examined the evidence for the contribution of culture to social, economic and environmental regeneration in a study for relevant organisations in the East Midlands region of England. The study is titled Culture and regeneration: an evaluation of the evidence.
Arts, Culture and Society Hooper-Greenhill et al (2004) evaluate twelve projects under the auspices of the DCMS/DfES Strategic Commissioning 2003-2004: National/Regional Museum Education Partnerships programme with particular attention to the impact of the projects on learning, partnerships and project management in a research report, Inspiration, identity, learning: the value of museums. The evaluation of the impact of DCMS/DfES Strategic Commissioning 2003-2004: National/Regional Museum Education Partnerships. Galloway and Stanley discuss key methodological issues relating to evaluation of museums and galleries' engagement with educational and social concerns in ‘Thinking outside the box: galleries, museums and evaluation’, Museum and Society 2(2). McLoughlin and Morris (2004), ‘UK public libraries: roles in adult literacy provision’, Journal of Librarianship and Information Science 36(1), carried out eight case studies of UK public library authorities in order to produce their findings.
Cultural Tourism Hossain, Heaney and Carter (2005) assess the importance of cultural tourism in regions of Australia by quantifying cultural tourism activity and expenditure at national, state/territory and regional levels in Cultural tourism in regions of Australia. O’Sullivan and Jackson (2002) undertook a series of case studies to assess the contribution of festival tourism to local sustainable economic development, the results of which are published in ‘Festival tourism: a contributor to sustainable local economic development?’, Journal of Sustainable Tourism 10(4).
Major Sporting Events Two papers consider the impact of the 2002 World Cup: Lee, Lee and Lee (2005) in ‘Korea's destination image formed by the 2002 World Cup’, Annals of Tourism Research 32(4) examine the relationship between destination image and tourist behaviour. Kim, Gursoy and Lee (2006) consider South Korean residents' perceptions of the impacts of the World Cup on their communities and compare change over a period of time before and after the event in a paper, ‘The impact of the 2002 World Cup on South Korea: comparisons of pre- and post-games’, Tourism Management 27(1).
Two papers by Waitt examine the impact of the Sydney Olympic Games. The first (2001), ‘The Olympic spirit and civic boosterism: the Sydney 2000 Olympics’ in Tourism Geographies 3(3), explores the impact of hosting the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games in the context of civic boosterism theory whereby hallmark events heighten sense of community and national pride. The second (2003), ‘Social impacts of the Sydney Olympics’, Annals of Tourism Research 30(1), explores changing levels of enthusiasm towards the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games among the host community between 1998 and 2000 in the context of social exchange theory.
The Winter Olympics are the subject of a paper by Deccio and Baloglu (2002) which seeks to examine nonhost community resident perceptions of the spillover effects of the 2002 Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City in the context of social exchange theory. The paper is titled ‘Nonhost community resident reactions to the 2002 Winter Olympics: the spillover impacts’, Journal of Travel Research 41(4). Barker, Page and Meyer (2001) have evaluated the impact, beyond the traditional focus on economic effects, of the America’s Cup event in a paper for the Event Management journal 7(2), ‘Evaluating the impact of the 2000 America's cup on Auckland, New Zealand’.
New Research The Department of Culture, Media and Sport UK (DCMS) have launched Taking part: The national survey of culture, leisure and sport. The survey will deliver better information about participation and attendance across the DCMS sectors and quality-assured data on participation, attendance, attitudes and related factors, particularly to inform policy and planning. Susan Galloway is undertaking a literature review with the aims of defining “quality of life” in the context of culture, arts and sport and exploring ways in which the impact on quality of life and sense of well-being through participation in cultural or sport interventions can be identified and measured, both in social and economic terms for the Scottish Executive.